Short short with English summary                         


Japanese and Chinese people take long holidays in limited periods. The phenomena are often called the national migrations. Since so many people in the big cities are from countryside, they like to return to their home villages. Millions of Japanese, tens of millions of Chinese families move from cities to countryside and then back to cities as mass movements. For Chinese the periods are the spring festival i.e. Chinese New Year and the Independence Day. These long vacation periods are one week each. The state of China decides the dates and prints them in a calendar as national holidays. Chinese New Year day holidays are after the lunar calendar system, not the solar calendar.
In Japan, there are three long vacation periods. They are, from Christmas to new years’ days, from the end of April to the first week of May and around “O Bon” in August. None of these holiday periods are officially defined or named by the government. For Japanese, the new years’ day has been very important. Their religion has been to worship nature. Japanese say they have 8 million Gods. However, the New Year’s Day is January 1, not after their traditional lunar calendar. Japanese has applied the solar calendar since the rising sun is a matter of the cosmos, matter of astronomy. Science took over their nostalgia. For Japanese families, their national migration period is around “O Bon” in summer, a Buddhism festival day based on the lunar calendar.
European people take vacations after their own pattern of life, combining the season, traditional festivals and school holidays. As to their destination, it seems there is a tendency going warm southern area even if the vacation is in the warm summer. Perhaps the deep memory from the human history kept in DNA motivates this towards south preference.
In our world, there are other migrations. The migrations of the refugees. Their journeys are dangerous and without clear destination. They would seldom return home. When you search your vacation and hotel in IT‐net, such topics do not pop up on your monitor.