Short short with English summary
It was my second visit to Paestum. My first visit was in the summer of 1964, with my Australian friends, a young newly married couple. We made a round tour in Europe for 80 days. I was deeply impressed facing at the very well-kept ruins of the ancient Greek temples, the figures which strongly influenced the architectural design from the renaissance to today.
The ancient Greece established a quite numbers of the colonies in the Mediterranean area. The area under the Greek domination was named $B!H(BMagna Graecia$B!I(B. Marseille and Istanbul are originated from these colonies. In the history of the Mediterranean area, somehow Paestum did not attract the interest of Mediterranean nations. Paestum was forgotten. No, it couldn$B!G(Bt have been forgotten because the temples have always been obviously standing on the coast line just next to Pompeii. Probably Paestum was useless for the historical powers. Therefore we still have these supreme examples of the ancient Greek temples today.
When I strolled through Paestum, I was impressed by the beautiful ruins not so much as I was at my first visiting. Something was wrong. I simply felt the temples were too big. They did not fit to the ruins of the surrounding villages. Just as the Great Britain, the 2000 years later example, Magna Graecia was not the colonies to settle and explore but the bases for collecting the agricultural products and manpower. $B!H(BTo build monumental buildings as to impress its subordinates$B!I(B this explanation I can understand and agree with.
There are many gigantic buildings in the world such as cathedrals, castles and palaces. The standard explanation of the value of them is that they are the monuments showing the high level of culture, depth of the belief or the beauty. But, for me, the motivation to build them was simply the need to show the power is good and comprehensive. Today, there are so many gigantic buildings. What is their hidden motive?